The Tao of Kung Fu A philosophy that is not all about fighting
A philosophy that is not all about fighting Kung Fu (KF) is grounded in the philosophy of Taoism (pronounced as ‘Daoism’). Taoism, pre-dates even Buddhism which has played a significant role given KF was first practised by Chinese Monks who later established the Shaolin Temple.
Taoism Founded by Lao-Tzu (604-531 BCE) and recorded in the ‘Tao Te Ching’, Taoism is a collection of teachings for living in harmony with nature, other people and within yourself. The Tao (simply translated, ‘The way’ or ‘path’) is considered to be a transcendent force and the source of all creation.
The life goals or three jewels for a Taoist are compassion, humility and moderation. Taoism is about living within nature’s laws and in harmony with the cycle of nature. It is about recognising that everything is interconnected, that everything you do affects everything else around you. Taoists seek to live in harmony with the Tao. Kung fu aims to keep us in harmony and balance.
Lao-Tzu developed the concept of Yin and Yang to explain that all things have two aspects. Both are necessary and harmony can only be achieved through seeking a balance of Yin and Yang energies. Examples of Yin and Yang are hot and cold, bright and dark, male and female. This notion is captured in the Taoist symbol comprised of an outer circle representing the universe. The circle is divided into a Yin division (black) and a Yang division (white) with the curved line separating the divisions indicating a state of flux (Qi) with a smaller circle of Yin in the Yang division and Yang in the Yin division.
The forces of Yin and Yang are well demonstrated in the nature of water -- both soft and yet with immense power. The nature of water is also used to explain another central concept to Taoism which is striving for non-action or paradoxically ‘wei wu wei’ which means ‘action without action’.
In Taoism, Qi (pronounced chee) means air or breath, Qi is considered the basis of life. Very simply put, Qi is a kind of vital energy or force that is fluid and constantly changing form. Qi is an important energy which can be used to attain equilibrium.
In the human body, Qi (along with blood and fluid) travels along channels known as meridians which lead to the organs. The flow of Qi can be regulated through the use of points along these meridians to enhance health and wellbeing.
Chinese Medicine is a practice guided by the meridians that seeks to improve health through things such as acupuncture, moxibustion, massage, cupping and herbal medicines.
Kung Fu and related activities such as Tai Chi and traditional breathing exercises also aim to enhance the flow of Qi through the body. This has a positive impact on overall physical and mental health and is a great form of preventative health care. In addition, Kung Fu uses Qi, meridians and pressure points as a means of self-defence.
Some basic examples of Taoist philosophy as they relate to KF classes include the:
Control of breathing and effective use of Qi to maximise inner strength, physical power, and promote sound mental health
Location of key pressure points as a means of quickly and strategically defending
Effectiveness of both ‘hard’ (yin) and ‘soft’ (yang) techniques, and the value of using ‘soft’ techniques against even the strongest opponent.
Nothing in the world is softer and weaker than water; But, for attacking the hard and strong, there is nothing like it! For nothing can take its place. That the weak overcomes the strong, and the soft overcomes the hard, This is something known by all, but Practiced by none.